Employment Discrimination

Fighting Discrimination with Equality

When faced with discrimination, the journey towards justice can be daunting and emotionally taxing. Understandably, if you or someone you know has been subjected to unlawful discrimination, it's vital to be aware of your rights and the protections available to you under the law. In this article, we delve into the protected classes under various U.S. discrimination laws, offering insights on the categories safeguarded, the evidence needed to establish a claim, and the potential remedies if discrimination is proven.

Protected Classes in Unlawful Discrimination

Several key groups or classes are protected under discrimination law in the U.S., as described by the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, the Americans with Disabilities Act, and other federal and state laws. These include but are not limited to:

Size of Employers Subject to Anti-Discrimination Laws

The federal anti-discrimination laws generally apply to employers with a certain minimum number of employees. For instance:

Small businesses that don't meet these thresholds may still be subject to anti-discrimination laws at the state or local level.

Evidence of Unlawful Discrimination

Identifying unlawful discrimination can be challenging, as it often occurs subtly. However, some common forms of evidence include:

Remedies for Unlawful Discrimination

If a discrimination claim is upheld in court, the victim may be entitled to a range of remedies. These could include:


Unlawful discrimination causes serious harm. When proven, the law provides a remedy.

Employment Law Partners advise employees and companies about their rights and duties related to all forms of unlawful discrimination. We represent clients in cases involving terminations, suspensions, demotions, denials of promotion, hostile work environment claims, and other retaliation claims.

If you were the victim of discrimination, harassment, or retaliation in Ohio, you must file a charge with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) or the Ohio Civil Rights Commission (OCRC) before you can file your case in court. We can advise you about which agency to file with, what to include in a charge of discrimination, and what to expect throughout the process. We also strongly recommend you contact us for legal advice as early as possible -- before reporting misconduct by your employer or before responding to an employee’s complaint.

Employment Discrimination Articles

The Sixth Circuit Finds Black Employee was Significantly Better Qualified than the White Employee Selected for Promotion. The recent Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals case, Levine v. DeJoy , ____ F.4th ___ (6th Cir. Apr. 10, 2023) , has significant implications in the realm of employment law. The Court found that Patricia Levine, an African American employee of the United States Postal Service (USPS), provided sufficient evidence to challenge USPS's claim that it had... Read More
Cuyahoga County Prohibits Discrimination based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity and Expands Protections against Discrimination to Independent Contractors On September 25, 2018, Cuyahoga County protected employees from employment discrimination and retaliation based on sexual orientation and gender identity or expression, as well as race, color, religion, military status, national origin, disability, age, ancestry and sex. By doing so, Cuyahoga County joins a growing list of cities and counties that ... Read More
Are LGBTQ Employees in Ohio Protected from Workplace Discrimination? Not everywhere (yet). However, the City of Akron has followed in the footsteps of over one dozen cities in the State of Ohio by passing a nondiscrimination ordinance on March 27th prohibiting discrimination on the basis of gender identity and sexual orientation. The ordinance applies to employment, housing, and public accommodations and was inspire... Read More
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